Cardio-vascular risk


This tool calculates the risk of cardio-vascular diseases depending on some health indicators and the results of lab tests.

(100–225 mmHg)
(1.94–6.47 mmol/l)
(0.65–1.94 mmol/l)
(0.57–4.52 mmol/l)

Smoker

- Select “yes” if you are regular smoker, or have smoked any cigarettes in the past month.
Are you diabetic Select “yes” if

To diagnose type 2 diabetes you need to have one of the following

Glycated hemoglobin (A1C) test. This blood test indicates your average blood sugar level for the past two to three months. An A1C level of 6.5 percent or higher on two separate tests indicates you have diabetes.

Random blood sugar test. A blood sample will be taken at a random time. Blood sugar values are expressed in milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL) or millimoles per liter (mmol/L). Regardless of when you last ate, a random blood sugar level of 200 mg/dL (11.1 mmol/L) or higher suggests diabetes, especially when coupled with any of the signs and symptoms of diabetes, such as frequent urination and extreme thirst.

Fasting blood sugar test. A blood sample will be taken after an overnight fast. If it's 126 mg/dL (7 mmol/L) or higher on two separate tests, you have diabetes.

Blood pressure (systolic)

Systolic blood pressure is the first number of your blood pressure reading. For example, if your reading is 120/80 (120 over 80), your systolic blood pressure is 120.

LDL Cholesterol (Low-density lipoprotein cholesterol)

LDL cholesterol is sometimes called "bad" cholesterol. LDL contributes to plaque a thick and hard deposit in the arteries and make them less flexibles.
LDL can clog your arteries. You want your LDL to be low. Too much LDL is linked to heart disease and stroke.
Your LDL is most often considered to be too high if it is higher than 4.9 mmol/l or (189 mg/dL)

Levels between 1.8 and 4.89 mmol/l are most often considered too high if:
• You have diabetes and are between ages 40 and 75
• You have diabetes and a high risk of heart disease
• You have a medium or high risk of heart disease

Test results:
• Ideal, considered protective against heart disease : < 2.59 mmol/L (100 mg/dL )
• Better : 2.59-3.34 mmol/L (100-129 mg/dL)
• Borderline high: 3.37-4.12 mmol/L (130-159 mg/dL)
• A high risk factor for heart disease: 4.15-4.90 mmol/L (160-189 mg/dL)
• A very high risk factor for heart disease: > 4.90 mmol/L (189 mg/dL)

HDL Cholesterol (high-density lipoprotein cholesterol)

You want your HDL cholesterol to be high. Studies of both men and women have shown that the higher your HDL, the lower your risk of coronary artery disease. This is why HDL is sometimes referred to as "good" cholesterol.

HDL cholesterol levels greater than 1.03 to 1.55 mmol/l are desired.

HDL reduces, reuses and recycles the Bad Cholesterol (LDL) by transporting it to the liver where it can be reprocessed.

In fact, HDL keeps the inner walls of blood vessels clean and healthy.

• A major risk factor for heart disease <1 mmol/L (40mg/dL) :
• Better : 1-1,5 mmol/L (40-59mg/dL) :
• Ideal, considered protective against heart disease : >1 mmol/L (60mg/dL)

Triglycerides TG

are a type of fat found in your blood that your body uses for energy. High level of Triglycerides can increase the risk of heart attack. The triglyceride level is a blood test to measure the amount of triglycerides in your blood. Triglycerides are a type of fat.

Your body makes some triglycerides. Triglycerides also come from the food you eat. Extra calories are turned into triglycerides and stored in fat cells for later use. If you eat more calories than your body needs, your triglyceride level may be high.

Test results:
Normal/Ideal: Less than 1.7 mmol/l or (150mg/dL)
Borderline High: 1.7 – 2.24 mmol/l or (150-199 mg/dL
High for heart disease : 2.25 - 5.63 mmol/l or (200-499 mg/dL)
Very High risk for heart disease : 5.64 mmol/l or above (500 mg/dL)

Myocardial infarction or Stroke in a first degree relative

Select “yes” if one of your parents or siblings has developed myocardial infarction or stroke (in males who are less than 55 years, or females who are less than 65 years).
 


 

Reference: European Guidelines on cardiovascular disease prevention in clinical practice (version 2012)
Joep Perk, Guy De Backer, et al; European Heart Journal May 2012, DOI: 10.1093/eurheartj/ehs092 bit.ly/1JV0AcO bit.ly/1mmYAOX


This self-assessment tool is not intended to be a substitute for professional clinical advice. While the results of this tool may be of assistance to you, users should always seek the advice of a qualified health provider with any questions they have regarding their health.